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Why Does the Tamil Ritual “Panda Kaal Muhurtham” Take Place Before the Wedding?

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A quintessential Tamil wedding is pretty much incomplete without the variety of rituals rooted in culture and tradition spanning perhaps hundreds of centuries if history is any indication. 

Think elaborate flower decorations, rich colors, a litany of sacred rituals performed with utmost devotion over the course of a few days, and voila! 

Tamil Wedding History

But what makes Tamil weddings so unique is the fact that it brings with its customs and traditions as old as time itself. The attendees are all united in their effort to keep alive a language and rituals that have been around for a few thousand years at least. 

Moreover, the wedding itself is very simplistic in spirit. The usual “big fat Indian wedding’ adage certainly doesn’t hold true here. In Tamil weddings, heritage, customs, and folklore take center stage. 

Pre-Wedding Rituals

As you might have guessed, a lot of importance is given to pre-wedding rituals since much of the actual wedding and the life of the happily married couple often depends on fulfilling said rituals in the right manner. 

What is the Panda Kaal Muhurtham?

The ‘Panda Kaal Muhurtham’ is a pre-wedding ritual that is held three days before the wedding. In many cases, the ritual is held a day before the wedding as well. Since it’s one of the foremost rituals that take place prior to the wedding celebrations,  much importance is given to the manner in which it is performed. 


In many cases, a ‘Panda Kaal Muhurtham’ is the means of letting friends and family know that a wedding is soon about to take place. 

How is the Panda Kaal Muhurtham Performed?

In order to perform the ritual, the wedding party brings home a bamboo pole that has to be washed in a mixture containing milk and water. Many families choose to wash the pole with turmeric paste, sandalwood paste, and vermillion as well.  


The bamboo pole is then placed in any one of the corners outside of the house, after which it is decorated with a host of items such as mango leaves, stems and leaves of the banana plant, colorful flowers, and sometimes sprinkled with rose water. 


The final act involves an aarti with either camphor or incense sticks ending with the breaking of a coconut (an auspicious act). The couple is then blessed by the elders of the family. The ritual itself is a fun affair. With family often singing and dancing, especially when the bamboo pole is being decorated. 

Another point to be noted is that when the bamboo pole is being smeared with the turmeric paste, it is often married ladies who do it. They do it while singing cheerful songs and the ladies are often nine in number. 

Why is the Ritual Performed? 

Although there are plenty of stories that accompany the Panda Kaal Muhurtham and the tradition attached to it, many consider the custom to be the deciding factor of a happy wedding and successful married life. 


The family of both the bride and the groom pour wishes of a peaceful and glorious married life for the new couple. The ritual is also performed in order to ensure that every other pre-wedding, wedding, and post-wedding customs all run smoothly and without a hitch. 


Another tradition upholds the belief that the familial deity (Kula Devata) is represented through the bamboo pole. The pole, therefore, is a vehicle to bring wealth, fertility, and protection from the evil eye for the future couple.


Bamboo is an evergreen plant, which is most likely why it has been chosen for this particular ritual as the wedding party hopes and wishes for the wedding and the couple’s relationship and marriage to be evergreen as well. 


Finally, the ritual itself is associated with the goddess of luck, wealth, and prosperity – which is the reason why the ritual requires sumangalis (married women) to perform a part of the ritual (the application of turmeric paste). 

Wrapping Up

Tamilian weddings are a rich, vibrant, colorful, happy, and cheerful affair, filled with much joy, hope, and happiness. The future of the couple is something that many of these pre-wedding and wedding rituals focus on. So you know right away that you’re in the care of good hands. 

If you’re in your very own journey of looking for a spouse, especially someone who values and holds traditions and customs such as these close to their hearts (just as you do), install the Tamil Matrimony App now and find your future spouse waiting for you. 

Purv Bhoj

Doesn't talk much but definitely writes a lot, basically lets the pen do the talking!

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